FCC違反トップ10、官僚チェック回避マニュアル


Criterion Broadcast Services代表のTerrence Baunが、米国のFCC(Federal Communications Commission/米連邦通信委員会)で違反になったことを格付けし、そのトップ10をどのように避けるかを見直すため、TVNewsDayで2006年9月28日に公開した。FCC警告と罰金を引き起こす最も多くの違反の多くは技術的ではなく、しばしば、彼らは不十分な文書業務に関わっていると報告した。詳細情報はURL(http://www.tvnewsday.com/articles/2006/09/28/daily.1/)で知ることができる。

1.DCO(Designated Chief Operator)やそれに近いものを検査官が見る文章においてファイル・ネームの名称として使用したり、命名しないこと。
2.免許所有者が完全なログを維持しないこと。
3.出演者や無人の操作の上の混乱をしないこと。
4.最新のパワー較正をFCCに供給しないこと。
5.ASRとタワーの間の食い違いをしないこと。
6.EPM測定値は入手しないこと。
7.公衆に関する問題はファイルされる。
8.送信機パワー問題を起こさないこと。
9.安全が悪化しているタワーのフェンスなどの問題を関係づけた。
10.原材料のまま注意しないでEASテストと起動を送って、受けないことを含むEAS問題。

つまりは、検査官が何に注目しているかを分析し、それを回避すれば、後は何とかなるということになる。

こんなことを書くと、次はこれ以外を中止すれば良くなる?

なぜか、イタチごっこになる可能性も含んでいる。

「FCCで問題になったトップ10と、その回避方法」
1. Failure to name a Designated Chief Operator and post the designation, in writing, where an inspector can see it. The DCO must review and sign the station's log every week, without fail, and an alternative DCO must be appointed to officially take charge while the chief operator is on vacation or away for any reason.

2. Failure of a licensee to maintain a complete log. A log is a document that represents every day that a station is on the air. It notes any improper operations, why they happened and how they were corrected. Emergency Alert System activities must be noted and EAS receipts stapled to the log page. Tower lights must be observed every 24 hours if the station lacks an automatic tower lighting alarm system. It's best to note each day that the lights have been observed and to record any failures.

3. Confusion over attended/unattended operations. Unattended operations are legal, but must be noted as such in the log. Operators must be able to turn off a transmitter within three hours if ordered to do so by the FCC, so an engineer must be able to drive to the location in that time if necessary. It isn't necessary to have remote control equipment as long as the DCO can certify in the log that a remote transmitter is stable enough to maintain legal operation without remote control.

4. Failure to provide the most recent power calibration to the FCC. The most recent calibration may be several years old, as long as the transmitter has been operating well. Frequency and modulation monitors are not required, but they are helpful in demonstrating to the FCC that a station is in compliance.

5. Discrepancies between the ASR and the tower. The ASR is an FCC document describing the location, lighting and paint requirements of a tower. The tower has to be as described. ASRs don't transfer to new owners when a station is sold. The seller must go into the FCC database and transfer ownership in order for the new owner to access the file. This can be done online and copies of a station's ASR can be accessed from the FCC online and printed out.

6. EPM measurements are unavailable. If a station adds a new transmitter, antennas, exciters or subcarriers it can change occupied bandwidth, so bandwidth measurements must be done following changes like these.

7. Problems with the public file. A station's engineer must maintain complete license renewal cards, ownership transfers and records of any special authorizations from the FCC. There must be a separate file for every station under license. Baun recommends keeping a file for each digital channel, although the law is currently unclear about whether this is required. He recommends that stations consult their attorneys if they have questions about digital channel files.

8. Transmitter power issues. An incorrect antenna or failure to switch power patterns as required is a no-no. TPO calculations must be noted.

9. Safety related issues such as a deteriorating tower fence. These can provoke an immediate fine.

10. EAS issues, including failure to send and receive EAS tests and activations without noting it in the log. The government is increasingly interested in the Emergency Alert System. Stations must have an EAS handbook and EAS must be in full auto mode while a station is operating unattended.